The coat of arms of the province of Nova Scotia is the oldest provincial achievement of arms in Canada, and the oldest British coat of arms outside Great Britain. It was granted in 1625 by King Charles I for the first Scottish colony on the Canadian mainland. The arms were also borne by the Baronets of Nova Scotia, a chivalric order.
The Duke of Argyll, Chief of Clan Campbell, is, among his many titles, also a Baronet of Lundie (created 13 December 1627) in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia. In all, there are seven Campbell baronetcies in the Baronetage of Scotland and twelve in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom.
Devised as a scheme to settle the colony of Nova Scotia by James VI, Charles I created the first Scottish baronet on 28 May 1625, covenanting in the creation charter that the baronets of Scotland or of Nova Scotia should never exceed 150 (a little more than 120 were ever created), that their heirs apparent should be knighted on coming of age (21), and that no one should receive the honour who had not fulfilled the conditions, viz, paid 3000 marks (£166, 13s. 4d.) towards the plantation of the colony.