Mulier Amicta Sole

Fresco depicting the Apocalypse, the Dragon threatening the Woman, on the porch ceiling of the Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe, Poitou, France.
Fresco depicting the Apocalypse, the Dragon threatening the Woman, on the porch ceiling of the Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe, Poitou, France.

Et signum magnum apparuit in caelo: mulier amicta sole, et luna sub pedibus ejus, et in capite ejus corona stellarum duodecim: et in utero habens, clamabat parturiens, et cruciabatur ut pariat. Et visum est aliud signum in caelo: et ecce draco magnus rufus habens capita septem, et cornua decem: et in capitibus ejus diademata septem, et cauda ejus trahebat tertiam partem stellarum caeli, et misit eas in terram: et draco stetit ante mulierem, quae erat paritura, ut cum peperisset, filium ejus devoraret. Et peperit filium masculum, qui recturus erat omnes gentes in virga ferrea: et raptus est filius ejus ad Deum, et ad thronum ejus, et mulier fugit in solitudinem ubi habebat locum paratum a Deo, ut ibi pascant eam diebus mille ducentis sexaginta. Et factum est praelium magnum in caelo: Michael et angeli ejus praeliabantur cum dracone, et draco pugnabat, et angeli ejus: et non valuerunt, neque locus inventus est eorum amplius in caelo. Et projectus est draco ille magnus, serpens antiquus, qui vocatur diabolus, et Satanas, qui seducit universum orbem: et projectus est in terram, et angeli ejus cum illo missi sunt.

Apoc. xii. 1-9.

A Pernicious Practice

Hayton of Coricos remitting his report on the Mongols to Pope Celement V from his work, Les Fleurs des Estoires d'Orient, 1307, Bibliotheque Nationale Francaise.
Hayton of Corycos remitting his report on the Mongols to Pope Celement V from his work, Les Fleurs des Estoires d’Orient, 1307, Bibliotheque Nationale Francaise.

Serious suggestions have been made to us that communities in certain places, to the divine displeasure and injury of the neighbour, in violation of both divine and human law, approve of usury. By their statutes, sometimes confirmed by oath, they not only grant that usury may be demanded and paid, but deliberately compel debtors to pay it. By these statutes they impose heavy burdens on those claiming the return of usurious payments, employing also various pretexts and ingenious frauds to hinder the return. We, therefore, wishing to get rid of these pernicious practices, decree with the approval of the sacred council that all the magistrates, captains, rulers, consuls, judges, counsellors or any other officials of these communities who presume in the future to make, write or dictate such statutes, or knowingly decide that usury be paid or, if paid, that it be not fully and freely restored when claimed, incur the sentence of excommunication. They shall also incur the same sentence unless within three months they delete from the books of their communities, if they have the power, statutes of this kind hitherto published, or if they presume to observe in any way these statutes or customs. Furthermore, since money-lenders for the most part enter into usurious contracts so frequently with secrecy and guile that they can be convicted only with difficulty, we decree that they be compelled by ecclesiastical censure to open their account books, when there is question of usury. If indeed someone has fallen into the error of presuming to affirm pertinaciously that the practice of usury is not sinful, we decree that he is to be punished as a heretic; and we strictly enjoin on local ordinaries and inquisitors of heresy to proceed against those they find suspect of such error as they would against those suspected of heresy.

Constitution 29, Council of Vienne, A.D. 1312.

Et Delevit Omnem Substantiam

Grace Episcopal Church, located along State Route 56 near the headwaters of the Tye River, in Massies Mill,  damaged, but still standing, after the remnants of Hurricane Camille devastated much of Nelson County on the night of 19 August 1969; Virginia Governor's Negative Collection, Library of Virginia.
Grace Episcopal Church, located along State Route 56 near the headwaters of the Tye River, in Massies Mill, damaged, but still standing, after the remnants of Hurricane Camille devastated much of Nelson County on the night of 19/20 August 1969; Virginia Governor’s Negative Collection, Library of Virginia.

And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark.

Genesis vii. 23.

A Body of Senseless Fanatics

Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early, C.S.A.
Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early, C.S.A.

The civilized world will find, too late, that its philanthropy has been all false, and its religion all wrong on this subject; and the people of the United States will find that, under the pretence of “saving the life of the nation, and upholding the old flag,” they have surrendered their own liberties into the hands of that worst of all tyrants, a body of senseless fanatics.

Lt. General Jubal A. Early, A Memoir of the Last Year of the War for Independence in the Confederate States of America, Lynchburg: Charles W. Button, 1867.

A Wide and Impassable Gulf Between Us

Obelisk monument to Lt. General Jubal A. Early, erected 1919, situated at the intersection of Fort Avenue and Memorial Avenue, Lynchburg, Virginia.
Obelisk monument to Lt. General Jubal A. Early, erected 1919, situated at the intersection of Fort Avenue and Memorial Avenue, Lynchburg, Virginia.

There were men born and nurtured in the Southern States, and some of them in my own State, who took sides with our enemies, and aided in desolating and humiliating the land of their own birth, and of the graves of their ancestors. Some of them rose to high positions in the United States Army, and others to high civil positions. I envy them not their dearly bought prosperity. I had rather be the humblest private soldier who fought in the ranks of the Confederate Army, and now, maimed and disabled, hobbles on his crutches from house to house, to receive his daily bread from the hands of the grateful women for whose homes he fought, than the highest of those renegades and traitors. Let them enjoy the advantages of their present positions as best they may! for the deep and bitter execrations of an entire people now attend them, and an immortality of infamy awaits them. As for all the enemies who have overrun or aided in overrunning my country, there is a wide and impassable gulf between us, in which I see the blood of slaughtered friends, comrades, and countrymen, which all the waters in the firmament above and the seas beneath cannot wash away. Those enemies have undertaken to render our cause odious and infamous; and among other atrocities committed by them in the effort to do so, an humble subordinate, poor Wirz, has been selected as a victim to a fiendish spirit, and basely murdered under an executive edict, founded on the sentence of a vindictive and illegal tribunal. Let them continue this system! they are but erecting monuments to their own eternal dishonour, and furnishing finger posts to guide the historian in his researches. They may employ the infamous Holt, with his “Bureau of Military Justice” to sacrifice other victims on the altars of their hatred, and provost marshals, and agents of the ”Freedman’s Bureau” may riot in all the license of petty tyranny, but our enemies can no more control the verdict of impartial history, than they can escape that doom which awaits them at the final judgment.

Lt. General Jubal A. Early, A Memoir of the Last Year of the War for Independence in the Confederate States of America, Lynchburg: Charles W. Button, 1867.

In the Congregation of Gods

Detail from G 181 runestone, discovered in 1863, in the churchyard at Sanda, Gotland. It appears to depict Odin, Thor, and Freyr, and bears the inscription : roþuisl : aug : farborn : auk : kunborn :; Swedish Museum of National Antiquities.
Detail from G 181 runestone, discovered in 1863, in the churchyard at Sanda, Gotland. It appears to depict Odin, Thor, and Freyr, and bears the inscription : roþuisl : aug : farborn : auk : kunborn :; Swedish Museum of National Antiquities.

Deus stetit in synagóga deórum: in médio autem deos diiúdicat.
Úsquequo iudicátis iniquitátem: et fácies peccatórum súmitis?
Iudicáte egéno, et pupíllo: húmilem, et páuperem iustificáte.
Erípite páuperem: et egénum de manu peccatóris liberáte.
Nesciérunt, neque intellexérunt, in ténebris ámbulant: movebúntur ómnia fundaménta terræ.
Ego dixi: Dii estis, et fílii Excélsi omnes.
Vos autem sicut hómines moriémini: et sicut unus de princípibus cadétis.
Surge, Deus, iúdica terram: quóniam tu hereditábis in ómnibus géntibus.

Psalmus lvvvi.