La Tène Bronze Head

One of three, tiny, moustachioed heads discovered in the rich Belgic grave at Welwyn, Hertfordshire, it bears affinities with a group of late La Tène, anthropoid-hilted short swords, one found at Ballyshannon Bay, Co. Donegal, and another at North Grimston, North Yorkshire, both perhaps originating in southern or southwestern Gaul and dating from late in […]

Small Eyebrows Were Considered Very Beautiful

The [Celtic] women were very beautiful, and were as tall and courageous as the men. The beauty of Claudia Rufina, a British lady, is celebrated by Martial. Ammianus seems to represent the females as stronger than their husbands, but he probably means in domestic warfare only. They paid much attention to their persons, especially in Aquitain, […]

Battersea Shield

The Battersea Shield probably dates from a hundred years on either side of the birth of Christ, though an earlier date is possible, and dates from as early as 350 BC have been suggested by archaeologists/historians. It was dredged from the bed of the River Thames in London in 1857, during excavations for the predecessor of Chelsea Bridge; in the […]

Witham Shield

The beaten bronze shield was made principally from wood, now perished, to a design later known as a “Gaulish Shield” that originated in the VII century BC. What remains is an almost complete facing that had been made to cover its surface. Originally a leather silhouette of a long-legged wild boar would have been riveted to the shield […]

Carnyx

Their trumpets again are of a peculiar barbarian kind; they blow into them and produce a harsh sound which suits the tumult of war. — Diodorus Siculus around 60-30 BC (Histories, 5.30). The word “carnyx” is derived from the Gaulish root, “carn-” or “cern-” meaning “antler” or “horn,” and the same root of the name of the god, Cernunnos (Delmarre, 1987 […]