War Aims of Aodh Mór Ó Néill

Below are the stated war aims of Hugh O’Neill (Aodh Mór Ó Néill), Earl of Tyrone, in the Nine Years’ War (Cogadh na Naoi mBliana), a conflict waged by Irish chiefs and their allies against English rule in Ireland. It ended in defeat for the Irish chieftains, which led to their exile in the Flight of the […]

The Irish According to Fynes Moryson (I)

What follows is a very unflattering, but historically instructive, description of the Irish people  in the Tudor age by Fynes Moryson, an English world traveller who published his observations on divers countries across Europe.  I will be posting various snippets, which whilst being severely tainted by English hatred, are still interesting in the Irish Gaelic […]

One Hundred and Ninety Seven Kings of Our Blood Have Reigned

May it please you therefore, most Holy Father, for the sake of justice and general peace mercifully to approve what we have done as regards our said lord and king, forbidding the King of England and our aforesaid adversaries henceforward to molest us, or at least be pleased to render us with fitting favour our […]

The Justest of Judges Shall Take Evident and Condign Vengeance

Wherefore, if for this reason we are forced to attack that King and our said enemies that dwell in Ireland, we do nothing unlawful but rather our action is meritorious and we neither can nor should be held guilty of perjury or disloyalty on this account, since neither we nor our fathers have ever done homage […]

Rights of Our Law and Liberty Against Cruel Tyrants and Usurpers

Likewise it cannot escape you, since it is manifest to everyone, that the Roman curia does not receive a penny from every house in Ireland as was promised. In this way then, and no other nor otherwise, have the kings of England and their often-mentioned subjects observed the articles of the above-said Bull to the […]

Utmost Perfidy

Likewise, where they were bound to implant virtues and root up the weeds of vice, they have cut out by the root the virtues already planted and of themselves have brought in vices. Also of the same and the banquets of the English.  For the English inhabiting our land, who call themselves of the middle […]

Beyond Measure Wicked and Unjust

Likewise, the Irish people, whom in set terms they had promised to shape to good morals and to bring under laws, they so shape that its holy and dove-like simplicity has been surprisingly altered into a serpentine craftiness through daily life with them and through their bad example; and they also deprive it of the written […]

Robert the Bruce and the Pan-Gaelic Alliance

Whereas we and you and our people and your people, free since ancient times, share the same national ancestry and are urged to come together more eagerly and joyfully in friendship by a common language and by common custom, we have sent you our beloved kinsman, the bearers of this letter, to negotiate with you […]