Folio 114 Recto

Folio 114 recto from the Book of Kells; the arrest of Christ.

Folio 188 Recto

Folio 188 recto from the Book of Kells; the beginning of the Gospel according to St. Luke.

Folio 200 Recto

Folio 200 recto from the Book of Kells; (part of) St. Luke’s genealogy of Jesus.

Folio 28 Verso

Folio 28 verso from the Book of Kells. St. Matthew the Evangelist.

Folio 8 Recto

Folio 8 Recto from the Book of Kells; beginning of the Breves causae of the Gospel of St. Matthew.

Folio 34 Recto

Folio 34 recto from the Book of Kells; Chi-Rho page; introducing St. Matthew’s account of the Nativity of Our Lord Jesus Christ.

Folio 40 Verso

Folio 40 verso of the Book of Kells; The Beatitudes.

Folio 291 Verso

Folio 291 verso from the Book of Kells; St. John the Evangelist.

Folio 5 Recto

Folio 5 recto from the Book of Kells; table of Eusebian Canons.

Eusebian canons, Eusebian sections or Eusebian Apparatus — also known as Ammonian Sections — are the system of dividing the four Gospels used between late Antiquity and the Middle Ages before the modern chapter and verse scheme.

There are about 1165 Eusebian sections: 355 for Matthew, 235 for Mark, 343 for Luke, and 232 for John; the numbers, however, vary slightly in different manuscripts.

Stephen Cardinal Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury, is believed to be the one who divided the Bible into the standard modern arrangement of chapters. While Cardinal Hugo de Sancto Caro is also known to come up with a systematic division of the Bible (between 1244 and 1248), it is Langton’s arrangement of the chapters that remains in use today.

The first person to divide New Testament chapters into verses was Italian Dominican biblical scholar Santi Pagnini (1470–1541), but his system was never widely adopted. Robert Estienne created an alternate numbering in his 1551 edition of the Greek New Testament which was also used in his 1553 publication of the Bible in French. Estienne’s system of division was widely adopted, and it is this system which is found in almost all modern bibles.

Folio 7 Verso

Folio 7 verso from the Book of Kells; the Virgin and Child.

Folio 27 Verso

Folio 27 verso from the Book of Kells; the Four Evangelists.

Folio 29 Recto

Folio 29 recto from the Book of Kells; the Incipit of the Gospel of St. Matthew.