Course catalog of the University of North Carolina, June 1819.
Course catalog of the University of North Carolina, June 1819.

On the 22nd of February 1819 a publick dinner was given by the students of College. On that occasion many of them became intoxicated, and much quarreling and improper conduct ensued. Some prompted by passion in the delirium of intemperance, had recource to weapons of the most deadly violence, such as dirks and pistols. Information of these things being communicated to the Faculty, it was deemed necessary by them, to have a meeting, that the nature and consequences of such proceedings might be investigated, and such measures adopted as the interest of the institution might demand. A meeting was consequently called by the President on this the 26th of February; there being present,

Revd. Joseph Caldwell Pres.
Elisha Mitchell M. P.
Denison Olmstead C. P.
William Hooper P. L.
Simon Jordan } Tutors
Robert King

Thomas Carthey Tucker Carrington and Alexander Irvine were cited before the Faculty. It appeared from examining these young men, that in a quarrel between said Carthey & Carrington on the 22nd the former drew a dirk, with which Irvine, acting as peace maker was stabed in the arm. John Starke & William Hunter were also called before the Faculty, from which examination, it was discovered, that said Hunter while drunk, had used a loaded pistol in a very daingerous way among a crowd of his fellow students, and that Starke fortunately succeeded in geting the pistol from him before any mischief was done. From some general questions put by the Faculty to these young men while under examination, it was discovered that many of the students were armed with dirks and pistols. This being the case a resolution passed the Faculty to call upon the students individually, and enquire of each one whether he owned or had in his possession a pistol or dirk, and if so, to require him to deliver it into their possession or suffer suspension from College. The students accordingly, after information being given of this determination of Faculty, in the publick Hall, by the President, were called upon by their classes and in the order to their names, and interrogated as follows: Do you own a pistol or a dirk? Have you either in your possession? The Faculty succeeded in geting six pistols and 2 dirks. The Faculty judging the conduct of Carthey and Hunter on the 22nd highly culpable, thought it indispensable, to their being longer students of the College, that they should make certain confessions and promises, which are severally as follows.

“I acknowledge that on the 22nd. of February, I drank intemperatly, armed myself with a dirk, and when Mr Irvine attempted to get it from me in order to hinder me from injuring a fellow student, I was guilty of wounding him with it. I confess that my conduct was highly improper in all the three instances. I profess a sincere regret and sorrow for the same, and promise to abstain from similar conduct hereafter while I continue a student in the University.” Thomas Carthey

“I acknowledge that on the 22nd of February I armed myself with a pistol, and becoming intoxicated on the same day, used it in a rash and dangerous manner among my fellow students until it was wrestled from me by one of them and thrown away; I profess a sincere sorrow for my conduct both in regard to intemperance and my temerity in the use of the pistol; and I promise to abstain from such conduct ever hereafter while I continue a student of this University.” William H. Hunter

The faculty after the conclusion of the former business came to the following resolution which was published in the Hall: Resolved that from the present time till the session of the board of Trustees of this University which shall next ensue, if it shall be ascertained by the Faculty, that any student shall have in his possession or carry about his person any dirk or pistol it shall be considered ipso facto, as a sufficient cause for suspension; unless permission to possess or wear such dirk or pistol, be expressly granted to the student by the Faculty or some member of the Faculty.

— Minutes of February 1819 [An Account of How Students are Drunk and Violent During a Holiday From Classes], University Archives, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Ye Present Scituation of Affairs

Detail of portrait of Lieutenant-Governor Alexander Spotswood by Charles Bridges (1736).
Detail of portrait of Lieutenant-Governor Alexander Spotswood by Charles Bridges (1736).

VIRGINIA, October 15, 1712.

To ye Council of Trade:


The arrival of the Dulwich Frygat, with her Maj’t’s proclamation for a Cessation of Arms, gives me the opportunity of a few Minutes to inform y’r Lord’ps of ye present Scituation of Affairs in these parts.

The Indians continue their Incursions in North Carolina, and the Death of Colo. Hyde, their Gov’r, w’ch happened the beginning of last Month, increases the misery of that province, so much weakened already by their own divisions, that no measures projected by those in the Governm’t for curbing the Heathen can be prosecuted.

This Unhappy State of her Maj’t’s Subjects in my Neighbourhood is ye more Affecting to me because I have very little hopes of being enabled to relieve them by our Assembly, which I have called to meet next Week; for the Mob of this Country, having tryed their Strength in the late Election and finding themselves able to carry whom they please, have generally chosen representatives of their own Class, who as their principal Recommendation have declared their resolution to raise no Tax on the people, let the occasion be what it will. This is owing to a defect in the Constitution, which allows to every one tho’ but just out of the Condition of a Serv’t, and that can but purchase half an acre of Land, an equal Vote with the Man of the best Estate in the Country.

The Militia of this Colony is perfectly useless without Arms or amunition, and by an unaccountable infatuation, no arguments I have used can prevail on these people to make their Militia more Serviceable, or to fall into any other measures for the Defence of their Country. The fear of Enemys by Sea, (except that of pirates,) are now happily removed by the peace, (which if on no other acc’t than that alone,) ought to be received here as the greatest and most valuable blessing; but the Insurrections of our own Negroes, or the Invasions of the Indians, are no less to be dreaded, while the people are so stupidly averse to the only means they have left to protect themselves Against either of these Events. I shall, for my own part, take all the care I am capable of (under these disadvantages) for the safety of her Ma’tie’s Subjects, and still endeav’r to testify to yo’r Lord’ps that I am with due respect.

Sad Intelligence

Marker in Charlotte, North Carolina.
Marker in Charlotte, North Carolina.

We arrived at Charlotte on April 18th; and I there received, at the moment of dismounting, a telegram announcing that President Lincoln had been assassinated. An influential citizen of the town, who had come to welcome me, was standing near me, and after remarking to him in a low voice that I had received sad intelligence, I handed the telegram to him. Some troopers had collected to see me; they called to the gentleman who had the dispatch to read it. He complied with their request, and a few only taking in the fact, but not appreciating the evil it portended, cheered, as was natural, at the news of the fall of one they considered as their most powerful foe. […] For an enemy so relentless in the war for our subjugation, we could not be expected to mourn; yet, in view of its political consequences, it could not be regarded otherwise than as a great misfortune to the South. He had power over the Northern people, and was without personal malignity toward the people of the South. His successor was without power in the North, and the embodiment of malignity toward the Southern people, perhaps the more so because he had betrayed and deserted them in the hour of their need. Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government, Volume 2, chapter 54.

Nomenclature of Our Southern Armies

Sheet music cover for the piano piece entitled Beauregard's March, published by Miller & Beacham, Baltimore, c. 1861.
Sheet music cover for the piano piece entitled Beauregard’s March, published by Miller & Beacham, Baltimore, c. 1861.

The North Carolinians are called “Tar Heels;” South Carolinians, “Rice Birds;” Georgians, “Goober Grabbers;” Alabamians, “Yaller Hammers;” Texans, “Cow Boys;” Tennesseans, “Hog Drivers;” Louisianians, “Tigers;” Floridians, “Gophers;” Virginians, “Tobacco Worms;” Arkansians, “Tooth-picks;” Missourians, “Border Ruffians;” Kentuckians, “Corn Crackers;” and Mississippians, “Sand Lappers.” The Cavalry, “Buttermilk Rangers;” Infantry, “Webfoot.” A regiment of deserters from the Federal Army, kept behind by us to build forts, “Galvanized Rebs.” The Federals called us “Johnnies;” we called them “Yanks” and “Blue Bellies.”

Battles and Sketches of the Army of Tennessee, Journal of B. L. Ridley, Lieut. General A. P. Stewart’s Staff, C.S.A.

An Emblem of Truth from the Author of Life

The Flag of Sumter, October 20, 1863, Conrad Wise Chapman, Museum of the Confederacy.
The Flag of Sumter, October 20, 1863, Conrad Wise Chapman, Museum of the Confederacy.

Maud Dudley Shackelford, Tarboro, North Carolina
(Confederate Veteran, Vol. XXVI, No. 11, November 1918.)

There’s a banner that waves in the city of light,
Unfurled by the saints for eternity there
On the temple of peace, where the martyrs of right
Now see it upraised from adversity’s snare;
And the angel that guards it has written its story
Unencumbered by fate in the annals of glory.

Though the sages of earth trace in marble and stone
Its image, a symbol of death and of strife,
In the kingdom of love it has come to its own
As an emblem of truth from the Author of life,
Who has blazoned its stars where the souls of the shriven
At the gateway of bliss read its welcome to heaven.

O! we look on our harvesting land where the blood
Of patriots flowed for a wound or a scar,
And we listen in vain by the deep-rolling flood
For tales of its numberless victims of war;
But the voices of nature are everywhere singing
Of the victory born of our loyalty’s clinging.

For recounted as naught in the history of earth
The laurels once gathered from liberty’s sod,
And the hand of the spoiler which darkened our hearth
But offered our cause to the justice of God,
Who in wisdom united what man would discover,
Yet uplifted our banner unconquered forever.

A Remarkable Body of Men

View of the University of Virginia, Charlottesville & Monticello, taken from Lewis Mountain, by Casimir Bohn, 1856.
View of the University of Virginia, Charlottesville & Monticello, taken from Lewis Mountain, by Casimir Bohn, 1856.

The Southern leaders occupied a commanding position. Those leaders constituted a remarkable body of men. Having before them the example of Jefferson, of Madison, of George Mason in Virginia, and of Nathaniel Macon in North Carolina, they gave deep study to the science of government. They were admirably trained as debaters, and they became highly skilled in the management of parliamentary bodies. As a rule they were highly educated, some of them graduates of Northern colleges, a still larger number taking their degrees at Transylvania, in Kentucky, at Chapel Hill, in North Carolina, and at Mr. Jefferson’s peculiar but admirable institution in Virginia. Their secluded modes of life on the plantation gave them leisure for reading and reflection. They took pride in their libraries, pursued the law so far as it increased their equipment for a public career, and devoted themselves to political affairs with an absorbing ambition. Their domestic relations imparted manners that were haughty and sometimes offensive; they were quick to take affront, and they not infrequently brought personal disputation into the discussion of public questions; but they were, almost without exception, men of high integrity, and they were especially and jealously careful of the public money. Too often ruinously lavish in their personal expenditures, they believed in an economical government; and throughout the long period of their domination they guarded the treasury with rigid and unceasing vigilance against every attempt at extravagance and against every form of corruption. James G. Blaine, Twenty Years of Congress.

Christened in Roanoak

The 13. of August, our Sauage Manteo, by the commandement of Sir Walter Ralegh, was christened in Roanoak, and called Lord thereof, and of Dasamongueponke, in reward of his faithfull seruice.

— Governor John White on the baptism of Croatan Indian, Manteo, 1st Baron of Roanoke and Dasamongueponke, on 13 August 1587.

A Compleat Description of the Province of Carolina

A compleat description of the province of Carolina in 3 parts : 1st, the improved part from the surveys of Maurice Mathews & Mr. John Love : 2ly, the west part by Capt. Tho. Nairn : 3ly, a chart of the coast from Virginia to Cape Florida.
A compleat description of the province of Carolina in 3 parts : 1st, the improved part from the surveys of Maurice Mathews & Mr. John Love : 2ly, the west part by Capt. Tho. Nairn : 3ly, a chart of the coast from Virginia to Cape Florida; Edward Crisp, c. 1711; Library of Congress Geography and Map Division, 2004626926.

The Jewish Ladies of Charlotte

Hebrew Patriotism. — The fair daughters of Judah are nobly represented in Charlotte, N. C., as may be seen in the following communication:

To the Intendant and Commissioners of the Town of Charlotte — Gentlemen: enclosed find the sum of one hundred and fifty dollars from the Jewish ladies, residents of this town, to be appropriated for the benefit of the families of our brave volunteers now fighting in defence of our home and liberty. With our prayers to Almighty God for their safety, and that he will bless our glorious cause with victory and success,

We remain yours respectfully,
The Jewish Ladies of Charlotte.

— Charleston Mercury, 27 June 1861, p. 3, c. 4.

Here’s to Our Confederacy

Cover of sheet music for the popular song The Bonnie Blue Flag.

The third verse of the song misstates the order in which the states seceded from the Union. The dates on which the states seceded are as follows:

South Carolina (December 20, 1860), Mississippi (January 9, 1861), Florida (January 10, 1861), Alabama (January 11, 1861), Georgia (January 19, 1861), Louisiana (January 26, 1861), Texas (February 1, 1861), Virginia (April 17, 1861), Arkansas (May 6, 1861), North Carolina (May 20, 1861), and Tennessee (June 8, 1861).

Thus, Alabama did not take South Carolina by the hand, but delayed its secession until the departure of Mississippi and Florida. The most likely reason for the discrepancy is literary license and a desire to fit within a certain poetic meter.

* * *

We are a band of brothers
And native to the soil,
Fighting for the property
We gained by honest toil;
And when our rights were threatened,
The cry rose near and far–
“Hurrah for the Bonnie Blue Flag
That bears a single star!”

Hurrah! Hurrah!
For Southern rights hurrah!
Hurrah for the Bonnie Blue Flag
That bears a single star.

As long as the Union
Was faithful to her trust,
Like friends and like brothers
Both kind were we and just;
But now, when Northern treachery
Attempts our rights to mar,
We hoist on high the Bonnie Blue Flag
That bears a single star.

First gallant South Carolina
Nobly made the stand,
Then came Alabama,
Who took her by the hand.
Next quickly Mississippi,
Georgia and Florida
All raised on high the Bonnie Blue Flag
That bears a single star.

Ye men of valor, gather round
The banner of the right;
Texas and fair Louisiana
Join us in the fight.
Davis, our loved president,
And Stephens statesman are;
Now rally round the Bonnie Blue Flag
That bears a single star.

And here’s to old Virginia–
The Old Dominion State–
Who with the young Confederacy
At length has linked her fate;
Impelled by her example,
Now other states prepare
To hoist on high the Bonnie Blue Flag
That bears a single star.

Then cheer, boys, cheer;
Raise the joyous shout,
For Arkansas and North Carolina
Now have both gone out;
And let another rousing cheer
For Tennessee be given,
The single star of the Bonnie Blue Flag
Has grown to be eleven.

Then here’s to our Confederacy,
Strong are we and brave;
Like patriots of old we’ll fight
Our heritage to save.
And rather than submit to shame,
To die we would prefer;
So cheer for the Bonnie Blue Flag
That bears a single star.

— Lyrics by Harry Macarthy (d. 1880).

The Bonnie Blue Flag.