Glacis

A glacis in military engineering is an artificial slope of earth used in late European fortresses (from the late 1520s) so constructed as to keep any potential assailant under the fire of the defenders until the last possible moment. On natural, level ground, troops attacking any high work have a degree of shelter from its fire […]

Beauty and Booty

HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF ALEXANDRIA, Camp Pickens, June 5, 1861. To the good People of the Counties of Loudoun, Fairfax, and Prince William: A reckless and unprincipled tyrant has invaded your soil. Abraham Lincoln, regardless of all moral, legal, and constitutional restraints, has thrown his abolition hosts among you, who are murdering and imprisoning your citizens, […]

Carnyx

Their trumpets again are of a peculiar barbarian kind; they blow into them and produce a harsh sound which suits the tumult of war. — Diodorus Siculus around 60-30 BC (Histories, 5.30). The word “carnyx” is derived from the Gaulish root, “carn-” or “cern-” meaning “antler” or “horn,” and the same root of the name of the god, Cernunnos (Delmarre, 1987 […]